Acute Kidney Injury in Dogs and Cats (Insuficiencia Renal Aguda en Perros y Gatos)

Linda Ross, DVM, MS

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice
Volume 41, Issue 1 , Pages 1-14, January 2011

The term acute kidney injury (AKI) has replaced the historical term acute renal failure for renal damage occurring over a short period of time (hours to days) because it is thought to better describe the pathophysiologic changes and duration of the different phases of injury. There are many potential causes of AKI in dogs and cats, and the prognosis has been shown to vary with the cause as well as with therapy. This article reviews current concepts of the pathophysiology, causes, clinical presentation, approach to diagnosis, and medical management of AKI in dogs and cats.

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